By Joan Orr M.Sc. and Anne Wormald M.ADS
TAGteach and Precision Teaching go together like ice cream and apple pie. Each makes the other even more awesome. Add TAGteach to your Precision Teaching and watch your acceleration lines soar. Add Precision Teaching to your TAGteaching and you’ll see exactly what’s working and what tag points are the most effective.
If you’re a TAGteacher and you’re wondering “what’s Precision Teaching”, visit Chartlytics University for lots of free information.
If you’re a Precision Teacher and you’re wondering “what’s TAGteach?”, visit TAGteach Online Learning for a free course on the Fundamentals of TAGteach.
What’s a Tag Point?
A tag point is the goal behavior in a TAGteach session. The teacher tags (marks) the desired behavior with a click sound (tag) when the behavior occurs so the learner knows the exact moment that they got it right. A tag point has four criteria (WOOF):
What you want: the tag point must be phrased in positive terms
One thing: the tag point can be only one behavior
Observable: the tag point must be observable
Five words or less: you must be able to articulate the tag point in five words or less
What’s a Pinpoint?
A pinpoint is the behavior that will be counted in a Precision Teaching session. A pinpoint has the following criteria:
It must be an active behavior (a dead man can’t do it)
It must be an observable behavior
It must be a measurable (countable) behavior
It involves a movement cycle (description of the behavior and the object receiving the behavior)
It involves a learning channel (a linked unit of a sensory input and a behavioral output)
Generating a pinpoint gives you a significantly better way to detect behavior. The precise description of the behavior you want to count is described in the pinpoint. If the behavior increases, decreases or stays the same as a result of your intervention you will be able to see this right away in the chart that you generate from your data on pinpoint counting.
What’s the Difference Between a Tag Point and a Pinpoint?
When TAGteach and Precision Teaching are used together, the most common way to do this is to use TAGteach for the teaching part and Precision Teaching for the measurement part. So you might teach a skill or part of a skill with tag points and then do a measurement probe to see what’s happening with your pinpoint.
Tag points are for actively teaching, but they don’t necessarily involve measurement. Pinpoints are observational. You’re not necessarily trying to teach a pinpoint, you’re just counting to see if your intervention is affecting the pinpoint rate of occurrence.
Sometimes a tag point and a pinpoint can be essentially the same. For example if you are trying to teach a child to hit a baseball off a t-ball stand, the tag point could be “shifts weight to inside foot” and the pinpoint could be “feel – do – shifts weight”. In this case you would be teaching the exact same behavior that you will be counting.
In another example you could have a pinpoint “see – do – hits ball” so you would be counting each hit of the ball. In this case you would not have a tag point that is the same as the pinpoint, because a tag point can only have one component. “Hits ball” is made up of several components, involving hand position on the bat, feet position, weight shift, swinging at the right height with the right amount of power and of course keeping your eye on the ball. Each component of “hits ball” could be a tag point, depending on the level of skill of the player and what they need to work on. A tag point will never be the end result of a behavior (e.g. hits ball), it will only ever be a discrete component of a final goal behavior.
In this example, you would use TAGteach to teach all the required parts of “hits ball” and you could also have a pinpoint for each of these parts and measure each part in a probe at the end of each teaching session (or as required by your behavior plan). You could also teach each part with a tag point and use the pinpoint “see – do – hits ball” during your measurement phase.
Here’s a chart that compares tag points and pinpoints: